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Various Roofing Types
Houses are covered with roofs for the most obvious reasons. They provide us with shelter from various weather elements and keep us protected. Roofs behave as shields on various buildings and homes. Many different types of roofing materials are adopted. Each material serves a specific purpose and is chosen for various reasons. Sometimes they are chosen, simply by preference and for the appeal of aesthetics.
Usually, though, materials for roofs are selected in conjunction with the design of the roof as well as construction and durability. When choosing roofing material for a structure, it is important to be mindful of its purpose. Yes, it is for shelter but what are you trying to achieve? Roofing materials serve different purposes and offer benefits that other available materials may not.
To help you to better understand the various roofing types on the market, a list has been provided as follows. An in-depth explanation of its purpose and use is also outlined for your benefit.
Asphalt shingles are the most common shingles used and are a composition of various materials including mineral fiber and cement fillers. These constituents are blended together to create the beautiful roofs we so often see on homes. Many believe asphalt shingles to be one of the best roofing materials around. This is due largely to its cost-efficiency, style variance, low-maintenance and durability.
These shingles are so widely chosen by homeowners because of the innumerable advantages it offers. Asphalt shingles are available in many different colors and styles that truly add a tasteful look to homes. For those with a discerned taste, they can opt for asphalt shingles that resemble wood, cedar or slate but still take advantage of the durability and economical benefits of asphalt. The great benefit concerning this material is that it answers to the diverse taste and needs of homeowners. Everyone is able to achieve the particular look or feel they are going for without sacrificing style or their pockets.
As previously mentioned, asphalt is very affordable and offers great economical value. Another great advantage to asphalt is that along with its reasonable pricing, asphalt shingles have an admirable lifespan. It’s durability and resistance to fire and weather elements, provides it with a life expectancy of 20 years or more. Asphalt shingles are light but offer resilience and performance that is unparalleled by other roofing materials.
Aside from its endurance, asphalt shingles are easy to install and the installation normally takes 1-2 days to complete. Similar to easy installation, repair of asphalt shingles is often an easy task. This is fantastic for many as it eliminates an extensive and time-consuming process that is often dreaded with repairs and installation.
Last but not least, for those concerned with the environment, asphalt shingles are recyclable and can be re-used for driveways or other paving purposes. Most areas provide the option for recycling asphalt shingles that have been previously used. Asphalt shingles overall provide a lot of benefits that many homeowners can attain.
The disadvantages of asphalt pertain to its susceptibility to fading and discoloration over time. This usually occurs due to algae which have a vulnerability to sunlight. However, to avoid fading, shingles with algae resistance can be chosen or a sodium hypochlorite bleach solution can be applied and then rinsed.
Another option for roofing is a ceramic tile. These types of roofing materials are beautiful and date back to the times of Ancient Greeks and Romans that built marvelous structures and covered their roofs with ceramic tiles. Over time, ceramic roofing tiles made their way into the U.S. These materials are so widely accepted due to their opulent appeal.
There is no doubt that ceramic tiles give a home an extraordinary charm that lasts for 50 years or more under the right conditions. Its durability is quite commendable as it is retardant to fire. Another advantage is that ceramic tiles are not predisposed to fading and offer great quality.
As for installation, ceramic tiles do require the expertise of contractors that have experience installing these tiles. Ceramic tiles are weighty and specific planning and engineering is key. Your home’s structure and ability to withstand ceramic tiles must be evaluated. It is these concepts and vital information that will determine how long installation will take.
The disadvantage though, is that ceramic roofing tiles are costly. Although beautiful, they do come at a great expense. Similarly, repairing ceramic tiles require a more extensive process as tiles must be removed and replaced. This is especially not good as its resilience to shifting weather conditions put its lifespan at stake.
Slate roofing is a form of material for roofs that can is usually composed of real slate but is also available in a synthetic form. Slate is not as popular as asphalt but when chosen, it offers a distinguished and stylish appearance to a home.
Slate is stated as lasting for 100 years due to its minimal maintenance. It’s admired for its natural look, invulnerability to fire and irregular weather conditions. Slate is also available in a variety of textures and colors, which makes it favorable to the styles, and tastes of various homeowners. Slate can be crafted and installed in a manner that produces great depth and appeal for those who require it.
Slate installation takes some time to install due to the precision required. The structure of your home must be evaluated to ensure the added weight of the slate tiles can be sustained. During the installation, workers must work with caution and great accuracy to ensure that the slate is properly installed and its integrity is not threatened. Slate tiles can be broken underfoot thus meticulous installation is key.
The disadvantage to slate tiles is primarily its cost. Also, the level of skill and precision required to install it is an inconvenience and deterrent for some owners.
Metal roofs are another premium quality roofing material that is chosen by some homeowners. They are often revered for their durability and long life expectancy ranging from 20-50 years and are usually backed by an extensive warranty for its paint finish. Metal roofs are also argued as lasting longer than 50 years. Their longevity is, of course, reliant on wear and tear.
They shield and protect homes from insects, rot, and a variety of weather conditions. It’s impeccable finish and hard surface enables it to easily shed water and snow. Metal roofs are lightweight and most importantly are fire-resistant. Their durability is profound and is a great choice for some homeowners.
Much like slate, metal roofs require the complete expertise of a contractor who is well-versed and experienced in installing metal roofs. However, its insubstantial weight makes manufacturing and supporting this metal roof on your home, less difficult. Nonetheless, installing this roof does take some time.
Metal roofs are expensive and this is often its drawback. Repairing a metal roof usually requires evaluation and a process that is better suited for an expert. In most cases, repairs are covered by warranty. In the event that warranty is not present, repairs can add up.
Also, overtime paints on metal roofs deteriorate and require repainting. Again if the warranty is available it is usually able to cover these costs. Overall, the durability of metal roofs often surpasses its costly nature. However, most homeowners do not live in their homes long enough to take advantage of this pricey investment.
Wood Shakes & Cedar Shingles
Wood shakes and cedar shingles are also an accepted roofing material. However, there is a slight difference between the two. An uneven surface and dissimilar patterns usually discern wood shakes. Cedar shingles offer a clear distinction from wood shakes because of its smooth texture and appearance. Shingles are usually derived from a block and wood and shakes are divided using a mallet or froze.
Homeowners with a green thumb and sensitivity to environmentally friendly composites, normally turn to wood shakes or cedar shingles. These roofing materials are normally derived from renewable sources including recycled wood. Woods and shakes are usually harvested in a manner that is sensitive to the environment.
Wood Shakes and Cedar shingles are robust and offer a lifespan of 30 years and in some cases more. For homeowners acute to the environment and their ecological responsibility, these roofing materials are a great choice.
When installing these materials, it is pivotal that an experienced contractor that is willing to do the qualified work, is hired. Wood Shakes are thicker than cedar shingles and do not lay as flat. This difference makes the susceptibility of wood shakes to weather conditions more pronounced. The spaces produced by the rugged texture and non-uniform appeal causes wood shakes to be vulnerable to various winds. However, the use of felt paper helps to eliminate this vulnerability but this, of course, is not perfect as felt paper is thin and can be weakened during installation.
Cedar shingles have their setbacks as well. They are not as thick as wood shakes and therefore lack comparable durability. However, as for the cost of installation, cedar shingles are costly but not as expensive as wood shakes.
To increase their durability, these roofing materials can be enhanced. Alone, wood shakes and cedar shingles are not retardant to fire. Thus treatments can be performed to improve its susceptibility to fire. Similarly, fungal protection treatments and dramatic shapes can be created to improve the aesthetics of your chosen material. However, these, of course, come at an additional cost.
Flat roofing, although not a material, is the type of shape that can be achieved with some roofs. As opposed to common sloped roofs, flat roofing is often inexpensive and offers a visual appeal that most homeowners are attracted to. Also, flat roofs provide easier access and eliminate the potential of falling off, as do regularly sloped roofs. With the progression of technology and increased information, there are options available that assist with diminishing this its vulnerability to leaks. This is great for homeowners as it helps to eliminate some costs.
It is important to note, that the flat nature of this roof is conducive to the amount of maintenance that this roof requires. Despite its appeal, homeowners must continuously clean them and ensure that debris is swept away. Doing so eradicates the collection of dirt, grime, and debris that can collect in drains. Unlike sloped roofs, impartial weather conditions, affect its durability. Flat roofs are unable to withstand wear and tear, thus extensive damage can ensure overtime. Such damage can be expensive to repair. Therefore if you are leaning towards a flat roof, you must be prepared for the responsibilities that stem from this option.
With the variety of roofing materials and shapes available, it is important that the right options are chosen. Considering durability, the cost-efficiency, style variance, low-maintenance and durability of a roofing material is pivotal. Certain materials can be more costly than others and can certainly hurt your pockets in the long run.
Thus before choosing roofing material, planning is key. Due to the overall costs associated with installing roofs, it is imperative that you consider how long you will be dwelling your home. By doing so, you are taking into consideration the level of return that will be received on your investment.
In most cases, individuals choose asphalt roofing, as it enables them to save money but also allows them to reap the durability and benefits that asphalt offers. The great thing is that, if you are looking for a finish or appeal that distinguishes your home from others, asphalt is still able to provide this feel. This is due largely to its ability to successfully mimic higher quality materials.
Inexpensive repairs and the longevity of asphalt roofing material enables homeowners to achieve aesthetics at an economical value. It is with great hopes that after reading about the advantages and disadvantages of roofing material, you will have learned a great deal about roofing. Nonetheless, everyone has their preference and is entitled to their own decision. However, the take home message is to be mindful of costs, and most importantly the longevity of your chosen roofing material.